Johan Kiviniemi’s series of tubes

Definition of gb


(Suomeksi / in Finnish)

Bit is the basic unit of information used in computing. A single bit can represent a value that is either true or false – one or zero.

The amount of computer memory, such as RAM and harddisk space, is usually measured in bits or units derived from bit, such as bytes (a byte is equal to 8 bits).

For a long time that was all that was needed, but with recent new technologies the situation has changed.

As the geekier ones of us already know, the latest innovation from the computer equipment manufacturers is a bit that can vary in weight. The technology is called VWBS, i.e. Variable-Weight Bit Storage. Previously all the bits in a single hard disk had the same weight. As the manufacturers were able to make lighter bits, the hard disks got physically smaller, and the amount of data that a single hard disk was able to store got larger.

With VWBS, the exact amount of bits that a hard disk is able to store isn’t a constant anymore. Instead the weight of each bit stored affects the total amount of bits that the hard disk can hold. That’s why a new unit of memory capacity was adopted: the grambit, gb.

gb is not to be mixed up with GB (gigabyte), which is often used to measure the capacity of a hard disk without VWBS technology.

A simplified example

Let’s say we have a 100 gb hard disk. If we use 0.10 ng (nanogram) bits, we’re able to store 100 gb/(0.10 ng) = 1 000 Gb (gigabit) of information to it. But if we use the lighter 0.08 ng bits, we’re able to store 100 gb/(0.08 ng) = 1 250 Gb.

1 000 Gb = 125 GB and 1 250 Gb ≈ 156 GB.

If we have stored 500 Gb of 0.08 ng bits to a 100 gb hard disk, the remaining capacity is 100 gb − (500 Gb · 0.08 ng) = 100 gb − 40 gb = 60 gb.

© 2011 Johan Kiviniemi

The image of a giraffe is from Wikimedia Commons